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Sweet melons, Cucumis melo, are a widely grown and highly prized crop. While melons were familiar in antiquity, they were grown mostly for. C. melo - line drawing, C. melo, leaves and fruit. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the. Name: Cucumis melo Linnaeus. Family: Cucurbitaceae (the Gourd family). px-Melon_plant Common Names: Melon, muskmelon.


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Cucumis melo (melon)

The fruits of these melon cultivars ripen late, requiring 85— d from sowing to ripening of the first fruits. Thus, cucumis melo production of the best sweet melons, a long, warm growing season is required, which should be nearly rainfree during late fruit cucumis melo and ripening, as soil wetness and low insolation adversely affect fruit sweetness Bouwkamp et al.

Regions having a semi-arid climate with hot, rainless summers are ideal for production of high-quality sweet melons. Sweet melons are exported in large quantities from these regions into cucumis melo having climates less favourable for their production. The Cucurbitaceae, which encompass over genera, originated in Asia Schaefer et al.

Muskmelon - Wikipedia

The genus Cucumis has a particularly wide distribution in the wild, from southern and central Africa across southern Asia to northern Cucumis melo, and is now recognized as being comprised of 66 species Sebastian et al.

Cucumis melo originated in Asia and its closest relative is C. Diverse wild and primitive melons cucumis melo found on the Indian sub-continent Chakravarty, ; Dhillon et al. Free-living melons have also been observed in northern Australia Telford cucumis melo al.

The small 3—7 cm in diameterround fruits of wild and feral melons are bland, bitter, sour or slightly sweet. Cucumis melo has been cultivated for several thousand years Robinson and Decker-Walters, The cucumber-like, elongate melons, Adzhur Chate Group, and the extremely long snake melons, Flexuosus Group, are featured in year-old Egyptian depictions Janick et al.

Mediterranean mosaics and reliefs dating to Roman times depict snake melons.

Snake melons are the most often-mentioned cucurbit in classical literature, being the Greek sikyos, Latin cucumis, and Hebrew qishu'im, indicating the esteem with which they were held by various cultures of Mediterranean antiquity. They are extensively grown cucumis melo the Old World tropics and sub-tropics to the present day, but are cucumis melo well-adapted to temperate climates.

These melons are harvested when immature cucumis melo consumed as raw, cooked or pickled vegetables Chakravarty, ; Pandey et al. Cucumis melo complete list at end of pdf version of species account.

Quick Notable Features 1, The stems are usually trailing and up to 3m in length, the climbing height is unknown 3. See complete list at end of pdf version species account. Most Likely Confused with: Cucumis sativus, Cucurbita foetidissima, Cucurbita maxima, Cucurbita pepo, Citrullus lanatus, Thladiantha dubia.

Melon - Cucumis melo - Overview - Encyclopedia of Life

Geographic Distribution cucumis melo Michigan: Melons are found escaped from cultivation in Alpena, Oceana, and Wayne counties 1. Native to East Africa 3. In North America, C.

  • Medieval emergence of sweet melons, Cucumis melo (Cucurbitaceae)
  • Cucumis melo | CLIMBERS
  • Cucumis melo - Wikimedia Commons
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The melon was introduced to the eastern Mediterranean region and to west Asia before BC. The leaves are cucumis melo and alternate, nearly round, basally cordate, and may have shallow palmate lobes.

The blades are cm both broad and long occasionally up to 20cmundulate-dentate, with pointed hairs on both sides, and palmate venation 1,3,11,13, Melons use their tendrils to climb over structures or other cucumis melo The flowers of C.

The axillary flowers are borne on 0. The cucumis melo calyx has 5 linear lobes, 0. The 5-parted corolla is yellow, each lobe 0.