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Download Citation on ResearchGate | On Feb 19, , Juan Carlos Basílico and others published Micotoxinas en Cereales. Evalúan el Riesgo Toxicológico. de micotoxinas. Varios productos alimenticios están principalmente involucrados en. el control de micotoxinas como cereales, uvas, café, frutos secos. Jump to Micotoxinas - Recomendaciones para la prevención, el control y la vigilancia de las micotoxinas en las fábricas de harinas y sémolas.


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Ficotoxinas marinas: métodos de detección en extractos de molusco. - Google Livros

The expansion of global market has recalled more and more the attention of the researchers on the presence of mycotoxins in the foodstuff trying to limit health damages fixing more restrictive limits for the presence of mycotoxins in the single food products.

Many countries regulate for, or suggest permitted levels of, mycotoxins in foods and feed because of their public health significance and commercial and the governmental agencies concerned make efforts to prevent the presence of mycotoxins; establishment of tolerances and guidelines regarding the analysis and control of these compounds by programs conducted to audit the status of these natural contaminants micotoxinas en cereales foods Alonzo et al.

While humans are adapting to cope with environmental changes, such as food scarcity, decreased food quality, mycotoxin regulations, crop production and seasonality, and other climate micotoxinas en cereales modifications, fungal species are also adapting so increased cases of mycotoxin adverse health effects are likely to occur in the future.

HACCP has been introduced to promote food safety from farm to table by reducing hazardous biological, micotoxinas en cereales and physical agents Lee et al. This paper reviews the control of mycotoxin contamination of food and feed in the context of HACCP in economic sectors as feed, cereals, coffee, dried fruits, grapes, milk, nut and wine.

Techniques for toxin detection and quantification to HACCP purposes A number of steps should be taken to minimize mycotoxin contamination worldwide. Within several countries, analytical methods to determine mycotoxin levels for regulatory purposes must fulfill to certain performance criteria.


Decisions relating to matters of regulatory or commercial arbitration need to be based on agreed and well defined methods micotoxinas en cereales analysis, which are normally laboratory based. These data are also often sufficient to verify food safety management systems. Rapid tests and liquid chromatography methods for the rapid detection and quantification of toxins have been developed to HACCP purposes.

Rapid tests based on immunoassay products Within the commercial environment it is micotoxinas en cereales for those purchasing raw materials to satisfy themselves that any delivery meets regulatory and specification requirements.

An overview of the applications of hazards analysis and critical co

Few reports are published specifically focus on the presence of mycotoxins on commercial infant formulas and baby food. Other articles are focus on the quantification of a certain group of mycotoxins micotoxinas en cereales as fumonisins [12], emerging Fusarium mycotoxins BEA, ENs and FUS [13] aflatoxins [14] and ochratoxins [15] in infant formulas and baby micotoxinas en cereales.

To meet the requirements of the recent and incoming legislation, the development of reliable, sensitive methods for trichothecene analysis is a priority issue [16].

QuEChERS based methods have been [17] recently reported for the extraction of different mycotoxins from a variety of food matrices specially cereal and cereal based products []. The main advantages of this extraction procedure were not only the low amount of organic solvent required, but also the fastness and the good recoveries obtained for the tested mycotoxins.

Operating in multiple reaction monitoring modes MRMs could provide a micotoxinas en cereales quantification and confirmation at the low concentration levels required. Meanwhile, micotoxinas en cereales process of sample preparation can be simplified avoiding complex purification and time-consuming procedures.

Micotoxinas - Wikipedia, a enciclopedia libre

In this context, the aims of the current study were: Chromatographic solvents and water were degassed for 20 min using a Branson ultrasonic bath Branson Ultrasonic Corp.

The Mass Micotoxinas en cereales NT software is used for data during acquisition and processing. The mass spectrometer was used in the triple quadrupole mode. Chromatographic separation was performed with a reversed-phase analytical column X Bridge TM C18 column mm x 2.

The gradient applied was: For micotoxinas en cereales compound, two characteristic product ions were monitored; the first and most abundant one was used for quantification, while the second one was used as a qualifier.

The ESI source values were as follows: The analyzer micotoxinas en cereales were: Samples Commercial infant cereals 57 samples were purchased from Spanish supermarkets, hypermarkets or organic food shops during All of them were purchased with intact package and analyzed before the expiration date.